PM3101: Against middle knowledge

Middle knowledge is probably the craziest idea Christian theologians have ever cooked up. The question is, how can predestination be compatible with free will. In other words, God already decided before you were even born whether you were going to heaven or hell; yet, somehow simultaneously, whether you go to heaven or hell is entirely up to your own free will decision whether to accept the Gospel message.

The theory claims that God knows what you would 'freely' choose to do in every possible circumstance, even in circumstances which never actually occur. This knowledge is known as 'middle knowledge'. Thus, he can arrange things so that you go to heaven or hell forever, as he chooses - if he wants you to go to hell, he'll make sure you undergo whatever circumstances would result in you freely choosing hell; if he wants you to go to heaven, he'll make sure you undergo whatever circumstances would result in you freely choosing heaven.

What does any of this mean? Does anyone know? Do even the proponents of this idea really understand it? Probably not. But William Lane Craig thinks it is one of the deepest ideas anyone has ever thought of.

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