NPS 038

On the classification of animals

Now the most holy Travancus spoke as follows: Among animals a fivefold classification does hold: First among the animals must be considered the human being, for without doubt humans are animals, although especial and unique among animals is the human being. For among the animals are the sacred and the unsacred, the ensouled and the unensouled; but while the sacred ensouled animals once possessed the powers of speech and reason as we do, by the vileness of Pandal they were deprived thereof, and our Heavenly Queen and the spirits vowed faithful to her Cause did not prevent him in such deprivation; but when he attempted the same upon the human beings, they prevented him as they had not in that case. Therefore in this way by her will has the heavenly Queen placed the human being above the sacred animals, for she is more like thereunto than unto them.

Second, as I have spoken, there be the sacred animals, then third there be also the animals unsacred. Now in both these cases, the question of whether they be sacred or unsacred, whether they be ensouled or unensouled, has been presented to the Prophet-in-Council, and that question it has had ample time to consider, whether they be sacred or unsacred, whether they be ensouled or unensouled, and having so considered it has reached the proper conclusion, and it has decreed, that it be one or the other. Now as to the fourth class, such be those animals whose case has not yet been presented unto the Prophet-in-Council, or the case thereof has been presented unto them, but they have not yet reached their decision, having not yet had ample time to consider the question.  But the fifth class consists of those animals whose case has been presented unto the Prophet-in-Council, yet having had ample time to consider the matter, has been unable to reach any decision concerning whether they be sacred or unsacred, ensouled or unensouled. Now among this fifth class there be the turtle and the frog.

Now as to the first and the second classes, one must eat them not, for by decree of the Prophet-in-Council, and by the heavenly law of which this decree is a perfect reflection, one must eat them not. But as to the third class, of them may you eat. Now as to the fourth and the fifth classes, of them one may not eat; as to the fourth class, for the Prophet-in-Council may yet declare it to be of the second; and as to the fifth class, it is prohibited unto you.

Finally, there be those that be not animals at all, though some have falsely so claimed. And if in any sense they are animals, without doubt in the spiritual sense they are not. Now among these are the oyster and the mussel and the sea urchin. But as to the crab and like creatures, they have been declared to be among the animals unsacred.

Now the holy Travancus said: Now the pig we have declared to be among the animals unsacred, and whoever refuses to eat any among the animals unsacred, we declare their guilt. Now as to those who eat not of the flesh of any animal whatsoever, none among those declared unsacred, but not considering any eating of that which is not an animal but said by some to be, they receive not this guilt; but those who will eat some among but not others, of them we declare their guilt. Now, if any among them which we eat they eat not, they receive this guilt: but if they declared that animal to be ensouled and sacred and having a tutelary, and worship that tutelary as divine through an idol thereof, they escape guilt; but those who refuse this, they receive that guilt wholly. Now as to say, of such I dislike the taste; we say unto them, eat once, and from time to time on rare occasion, a slight amount, to prove that your objection is merely one of taste, and not based in any false doctrine.

Now certain ones hearing this, and they were of Scenertonai, they did say: O Travancus, how much is your hypocrisy, for you condemn for eating not an animal unsacred, yet animals you have not declared to be sacred you also will not eat: of the turtle and the frog. But the holy Travancus said unto them: Of such hypocrisy I am innocent; for though I declare not that these animals be ensouled and sacred, an worthy of being honoured with prayers, and being reigned over by a tutelary deity worthy of our worship, yet though such I declare not, I declare that such might be true; but as to them, will they declare that all these things might be true of the pig? If they declare that these things might be true, hold them innocent of this misdeed; but if they insist that such things could not be true, and there be no way in which they might be true, but rather that they be definitively false, then of this misdeed hold them guilty.

Now one came unto him, Evprontus being his name, and he denied that the holy dogs were ensouled. And the holy Travancus called Claretta to bring her dogs unto him, and he said unto him: Do you wish to know the truth? The man said, Yes, I do. Travancus said: If you desire to know the truth, may you befriend these ones who are willing to befriend you, and then you will know the truth concerning their nature. He replied, I will not touch such a filthy creature! Travancus said: Then your dislike of them is greater than your will to know the truth concerning their nature. And Evprontus departed them, for wickedness was great in his heart.

And another, Ranehot being the name thereof, said unto him: So, as you have befriended the holy dog, do you know by friendship the ensoulment of turtle and frog? He replied: That I know, for no such declaration has been made by us; I have so befriended them not ever, nor have they ever offered me their friendship. But I heard a heavenly voice, commanding us not to make any declaration, and unto that voice I have been obedient.